Seaway History - Learn about the Great Lakes St. Lawrence River Seaway System on the Seaway's website.
Economics and the Industry
Reality Check - Explore some of the claims the Seaway has made, followed by the environmental and economic reality of Great Lakes shipping. Produced by Great Lakes United and Save the River.
50 Years of Shipping News - A snap-shot compliation of clippings from news outlets covering the Seaway for the past 50 years. Produced by Great Lakes United and Save the River.
Green Marine Initiative - A voluntary program for sectors of the Great Lakes shipping industry to commit to a process of continuous environmental improvement. The program's environmental benchmarks are meaningful.
Ocean Shipping In the Great Lakes - Phase I - My John C Taylor and James L Roach, this report investigated the transportation cost of stopping ocean-vessels from entering the Great Lakes. It would cost $55 million a year.
Ocean Shipping In the Great Lakes - Phase II
An update to the first phase of John C Taylor and James L Roach's report, it finds that a cessation of ocean-vessel access to the Great Lakes would create over 1,300 jobs in the United States and Canada and have little impact on air quality or highway congestion.
Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. USGS. 2009. Gainesville, FL.
Annual Losses to Great Lakes Region by Ship-borne Invasive Species at least $200 Million. David Lodge and David Finnoff. July 2008.
Backgrounder: Ocean Shipping on the Great Lakes (includes list of invaders to Great Lakes). Great Lakes United, 2008.
Timeline of Ballast Management Policy in the Great Lakes. Great Lakes United, 2008.
Zebra Mussel Factsheet
Zebra Mussel Invasion: Unheeded Alarms
Map of Zebra Mussel Spread in Ontario
Map of Zebra Mussel Spread in the United States
The Seaway System
The St. Lawrence Seaway Traffic Reports (2000-2008)
Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study. Transport Canada et al. Fall 2007.
Climate Change Impacts
"Global Climate Change and Great Lakes International Shipping." Dr. Frank Millerd, Wilfrid Laurier University, National Academy of Sciences Transportation Research Board Special Report 291, May 2007.
Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region, by George W. Kling et al, Union of Concerned Scientists 2003.
"Thousands of Lives to be Saved each Year Under the New Pollution Accord." Clean Air Task Force, David Marshall, October 9, 2008
The North American Emmissions Control Area application submitted by the U.S. and Canada to the International Maritime Organization
Save The River Policy Statement on Opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway Shipping Season, March 2007